Geography of the middle east

In fact, many so-called nomads were simply seasonal migrants who grazed their livestock in one region in the summer and moved elsewhere in the winter.

Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco.

Middle East Countries and Capitals Map Puzzle

The "Middle East" Geography of the middle east a term derived from a European perspective. The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe.

The transition from an adaptation based on hunting and gathering to one based on food production and settled community life was the prelude to the next phase in human cultural evolution, the beginning of civilization, which in the Middle East goes back to about B.

The long Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea coastlines and large river systems of the region support many communities through both fishing and water-borne trade. The Columbia and the Fraser Rivers have their headwaters in the Canadian Rockies and are the second and third largest rivers respectively to drain to the west coast of North America.

The first of these was the Seljuks, followed by the influx of Mongol invasions during the 13th century, and finally by the Ottomans, who established an empire based in Constantinople now Istanbul in the middle of the 15th century. In this part of Canada the Gulf of St.

Originally, the Near East referred to areas under Ottoman control, from the Balkans to the border of Iran. During this series, Sir Ignatius expanded the definition of Middle East to include "those regions of Asia which extend to the borders of India or command the approaches to India.

The Nile River is a prominent feature of the modern cityscape of Cairo, Egypt. Introduction to the Middle East Introduction to the Middle East The term "Middle East" is generally recognized today to refer to a region that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Afghanistan in the east, a distance of approximately 5, kilometers.

Even when Europe participated in this overland exchange, traders continued through the Middle East to avoid having to cross the Caspian Sea to the north. Following the establishment of Islam, much of the Middle East came under control of Arab dynasties, followed by a series of Turkic peoples.

Scholars debate the extent to which geography shapes culture and the direction of historical change. Arab culture first appears in the historical record after the introduction of the camel in about BCE, which allowed more extensive use of arid zones of Saudi Arabia, and Islam first developed in the oasis towns of Mecca and Medina before spreading over much of the Middle East by CE.

Geography of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

Arab countries have a rich diversity of ethnic, linguistic, and religious communities. The designation, Mashriqalso from the Arabic root for East, also denotes a variously defined region around the Levantthe eastern part of the Arabic-speaking world as opposed to the Maghrebthe western part.

This major epoch in human history, which can be dated back to B.

The Geography of the Middle East

In contrast, "Far East" referred to the countries of East Asia e. A neighborhood in Detroit, for example, may be made up of immigrants from one particular village in Lebanon.

Some have blue eyes and red hair; others are dark skinned; many are somewhere in between. The people who traveled these roads exchanged not only products, but, maybe even more importantly, ideas -- scientific, religious, and artistic -- that would challenge and change institutions in China as well as in the Middle East.

The pearl industry of the Persian Gulf spawned a specialized economy there. Turkmen, another Turkic language from Central Asia, is the sole official language of Turkmenistan, though Russian has some limited recognition.

In fact, many so-called nomads were simply seasonal migrants who grazed their livestock in one region in the summer and moved elsewhere in the winter. Northern Cyprus declared its independence in but is only recognized as a sovereign state within the UN by Turkey, with every other member considering it as simply part of Cyprus.

Arabic is the most common language in the Middle East. Other than in the plateau regions of the Interior and its many river valleys, most of British Columbia is coniferous forest.

This region introduced many staples into the kitchens of the world, including olives, figs, lemons, coffee, chickpeas, lentils, pomegranates, and asparagus. The northern regions of the Middle East in Iran, Afghanistanand Central Asia are closer to a steppe climate, with colder winters but still very little precipitation.

Some borders within the Middle East are similarly difficult to define as a result of territorial disputes between countries within the region.Resources for students and teachers of geography.

Discover the world with articles, fact sheets, maps and more that explore landscapes, peoples, places, and environments both near and far.

Middle East: bodies of water quiz

Because “Middle East” is an outsider’s term describing neither geography nor culture, it is an ambiguously applied name. For some, it refers to the area bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Taurus and Zagros Mountains. Grade 6 Middle Eastern Geography Egypt's largest dam and a major source of electric power is the Aswan High Dam Grade 7 Middle Eastern Geography.

Economically, the Middle East is known for its vast oil reserves. It is also known as the home of three major world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Because of its economic, religious, and geographical location, the Middle East has been at the center of many world issues and political affairs.

Middle East: A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students. We build educational games. Geography.

Large Map of Middle East, Easy to Read and Printable

World. Continents and Islands Map Quiz; World Continents Map Quiz; World's Biggest Islands Map Quiz.

Geography of the middle east
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