Toward Armistice By the fall ofthe First world war Powers were unraveling on all fronts. German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone. The advancing German troops were the first to discover the British Expeditionary Force, a small but professional army, who they encountered at the battle of Mons 23 Augustwhere the British troops took a heavy toll of the Germans before the British were forced to retreat.
Germany sunk four more U. The trenches now marched from the North Sea to the Swiss border. Finally, in 11th Izuno 18 August September saw the Italians finally make a great advance, causing the Austrians to call on Germany for help. At the end of the year, the line had stabilised again, with the winter stopping all fighting.
After three attempts to relief him failed, Townshend was forced to surrender, along with some 8, men, remaining in Turkish captivity for the rest of the war. Romania had renewed its secret anti-Russian alliance of with the Central Powers on February 26,but now chose to remain neutral.
The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end ofthe Western Front settled into a battle of attritionmarked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until Next to get involved was Romania, finally tempted to join the allied side on 27 August First world war, by promises of large territorial gains at Austrian expense.
Russia then ordered partial mobilization against Austria-Hungary, and on July 30, when Austria-Hungary was riposting conventionally with an order of mobilization on its Russian frontier, Russia ordered general mobilization. Townshend wanted to stop here, but now the India office decided on an attack on Baghdad, and from November Townshend marched up the river before reaching Ctesiphon, where he was turned back by the Turks battle of Ctesiphon, Novemberand forced to retreat to Kut, where he was soon besieged by the Turks 7 December April However, the French commander, General Joseph Joffremanaged his battle better than Moltke managed his.
World War I gave us some of the most beautiful and personal accounts of any war in history, yet Keegan is apparently unmoved. Both sides then took part in frantic diplomacy in an attempt to gain Italian support.
Alarmed, the Germans moved an army to the Austrian flank, where they campaigned in south west Poland, and after the battle of Lodz September stopped Russian plans to invade German Silesia, the main German source of minerals.
Accordingly, after a week long artillery bombardment, the British infantry attacked the German lines battle of the Somme, 24 June November Second Battle of the Marne With Germany able to build up its strength on the Western Front after the armistice with Russia, Allied troops struggled to hold off another German offensive until promised reinforcements from the United States were able to arrive.
In the night of August 3—4 German forces invaded Belgium.
The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated inand Romania joined the Allied Powers in only to be defeated innone of the great powers were knocked out of the war until The point remains, however.
Hussein himself had at one point declared himself King of the Arabs, and been promised the Hejaz The Red Sea coast of Arabiabut eventually ended up as king of Transjordan.
The War at Sea At the start of the war, the public on both sides expected a major naval battle to follow quickly. Toward Armistice By the fall ofthe Central Powers were unraveling on all fronts. The Germans soon found themselves launching attacks with no overall purpose, and struggling to advance over land they had themselves devastated in The biggest naval engagement of World War I, the Battle of Jutland May left British naval superiority on the North Sea intact, and Germany would make no further attempts to break an Allied naval blockade for the remainder of the war.
The French leader, Clemenceau, wanted to make sure Germany could never again threaten France.
The Turkish war effort was commanded by Enver Pasha, war minister and vice-generalissimo under the figurehead of Sultan Mehmet Vonly 32 in After the 12 March revolution, the new government pledged to support the allies, but 2 million desertions in March and April alone, combined with the First world war of the Communists to destroy the effectiveness of the army meant that a final midsummer offensive failed.
Bythe Arabs had cut off Medina, and were able to play a major part in General Allenby's final campaigns in Palestine and Syria, taking Damascus themselves. They were lucky to escape without greater loss at Dogger Bank 24 Januarywhere a German raid against British patrols was intercepted after naval intelligence learnt of it, and only escaped after British errors.
Keeping his plans secret, Allenby launched a concentrated attack on the coast, burst through the Turkish line, sent his cavalry into the hinterland, and used his infantry to sweep up the remains of the Turkish line battle of Megiddo, September The two nations most affected were Germany and France, each of which sent some 80 percent of their male populations between the ages of 15 and 49 into battle.Selected Highlights.
Countdown to War. Read a single page summary of the origins of the First World War - the tangled secret alliances, the royal feuds, the personalities and the seemingly inevitable series of events in June and July which culminated in the oubreak of hostilities spanning four years.
World War I, also called First World War or Great War, an international conflict that in –18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions. Sep 20, · The First World War shaped the twentieth century.
It sparked the Russian Revolution, and it launched America as a world power. The fault lines from its failed peace settlement led to a second /10(1K).
war play: a state of usually open and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations: a period of such armed conflict. 75% of all men who died in World War 1 were killed by artillery.
The largest battle of the World War 1 – the Battle of the Somme – is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history. First World War n. World War I. First World War n (Historical Terms) another name for World War I World War I n.
the war fought mainly in Europe and the Middle East, between the Central Powers and the Allies, beginning on July 28,and ending on Nov. 11,with the collapse of the Central Powers. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated .Download